Monday:

Today you will find unknown partners. You will also create and
solve story problems with unknown partners. Repeat after me, I can find
unknown partners. I can create and solve... story problems with unknown
partners. Let's do some quick practice!

I have 9
marbles. 7 of them are green. The rest are red. How many marbles are
red? This story problem can be solved a couple different ways. One way
we could solve it is with a circle drawing. What is another way? A math
mountain. We could also solve the problem by writing an equation.
We are going to write and solve our own story
problems as a class. Student, what should our problem be about? Marbles,
lollipops or books? How many do we have, student? Pick another number,
student. Name a color, student. Name another color, student. How many
are _____? Solve this story problem on your board. Draw a math mountain
and write an equation.

It is time to play a game! The
game we are going to play in math today is called Number Grabber. One
student is going to be the Number Grabber. Their job is to come to the
board and cover up one of the partner numbers on any mountain while the
rest of the class closes their eyes. When the Number Grabber says, "Open
your eyes for a big surprise," everyone will open their eyes, look at
the mountain with an unknown partner and solve for it. You will write
your answer on your white board. Questions?
Tuesday:

Today you will count on to solve subtraction problems. You
will solve subtraction story problems. Repeat after me, "I can count on
to solve subtraction problems. I can solve subtraction story problems."
Let's do some quick practice!

Today I am going to add two
signals to our lesson. When I clap that means pick up your whiteboards
and markers. When I snap that means put your white boards and markers
down. Watch as I guide you through this subtraction story problem. I had 8 peanuts. Then I ate 5 of them. How many peanuts are left? Let's count on from 5. 5: 6,7,8 How many peanuts are left? 3 peanuts. Why is 3 the answer? 3 is the number of fingers raised. Very good!

Boys and girls you are doing a fantastic job paying attention and waiting to use your white board and marker. Listen to the problem again. Is this problem a plus story or a minus story? How do you know? If we were to create a math mountain. We would have our king on top. Our King is the biggest number in the problem so which number is bigger 8 or 5. So 8 is the king of our kingdom. Our partners are on the bottom. This is our prince and princess. If 8 is our king what number is the prince? 5. 8 minus 5. The King has 8 peanuts and he wants to give some to the prince and the princess. This one gets five. How many does this one get? Let's write the equation. 8-5=___

*Clap* Now it is your turn to do a subtraction story problem. The King has 9 peanuts and he wants to give some to
the prince and the princess. This one gets 4. How many does this one
get? Let's write the equation. 9-4=___

The King has 10 peanuts and he wants to give some to the prince and the princess. This one gets 6. How many does this one get? Let's write the equation. 10-6=___

The King has 5 peanuts and he wants to give some to the prince and the princess. This one gets 3. How many does this one get? Let's write the equation. 5-3=___

The King has 4 peanuts and he wants to give some to the prince and the princess. This one gets 1. How many does this one get? Let's write the equation. 4-1=___

The King has 6 peanuts and he wants to give some to the prince and the princess. This one gets 3. How many does this one get? Let's write the equation. 6-3=___

The King has 10 peanuts and he wants to give some to the prince and the princess. This one gets 6. How many does this one get? Let's write the equation. 10-6=___

The King has 5 peanuts and he wants to give some to the prince and the princess. This one gets 3. How many does this one get? Let's write the equation. 5-3=___

The King has 4 peanuts and he wants to give some to the prince and the princess. This one gets 1. How many does this one get? Let's write the equation. 4-1=___

The King has 6 peanuts and he wants to give some to the prince and the princess. This one gets 3. How many does this one get? Let's write the equation. 6-3=___

*Snap* We are going to solve addition equations. Some of these equations
are vertical so up and down and others are horizontal or left to right.
We are going to count on to solve these equations. Remember the answer
is the number of fingers raised, not the last number spoken.

1st
graders you are showing great self control! Please leave your markers
and whiteboards on the floor as we talk through the next two problems
together. If we were to create a math mountain. We would have our king
on top.
Our King is the biggest number in the problem so which number is bigger 6
or 4. So 6 is the king of our kingdom. Our partners or the prince and
princess are on the bottom. If 6 is our king what number is the
prince? 4. 6 minus 4. Let's count on to find our answer. Does the answer
2 children make sense? Why? Why wouldn't the answer 10 children make
sense? In the beginning, only 6 children were swimming. Some went home,
so the number of children left must be less than 6. 10 children is more
than 6 children.

When I say go you will stand up,
walk back to your desk and take out your math workbook. You will turn to
page 97. We will work through these together so please do not start.
Questions? Go. There is a small picture in the column to help you
understand the story problems. The people who made our workbooks are a
little tricky though. Sometimes the picture will be our label of our
answer and sometimes it won't be so we need to pay special attention to
what the story problem is about.

Wednesday:

Today you will solve subtraction story problems using
numeric methods. You will solve subtraction story problems involving nickels
and pennies. Repeat after me, “I can solve subtraction story problems. I can
solve subtraction story problems using nickels and pennies.” Lets do some quick
practice!

Watch as I guide you through this subtraction story problem.
I had 9 buttons on my coat. 4 of the buttons fell off. How many buttons are
left? Let’s count on from 4. 4: 5, 6,7, 8, 9 How many buttons are left? 5 buttons.
Why is 5 the answer? 5 is the number of fingers raised. Very good! How else
could we solve this story problem? If we were to create a math mountain we
would have our king on top. Our king is the biggest number in the problem so
which number is bigger 9 or 4. 9 is the king of our kingdom. Our partners are
on the bottom. This is our prince and princess. If 9 is our king what number is
the prince? 4. 9 minus 4. The king has 9 buttons and he wants to give some to
the prince and the princess. This one gets 4. How many does this one get? Let’s
write the equation. 9-4=__

1st graders you are showing great self control with your
white boards. I have SOAR tickets for students name. Now it is your turn to do
a subtraction story problem so please pick up your white board and marker.
There were 7 robins on a fence. Then 5 of them flew away. How many are still on
the fence? Go ahead and solve the story problem by drawing a math mountain.
Now, write an equation. ---------REPEAT----------

Please put your white board and marker on the floor in front
of you. The next two problems are subtraction stories using coins. These are
kind of like a problem within a problem so listen carefully as I read. Lisa has
1 nickel and 4 pennies. She buys a marble for 3 cents. How many cents does she
have now? To solve the problem we must first add the nickel and penny to get
the total value. 1 nickel how many cents is that? 5 cents. She also has 4
pennies so 5+4= 9. Lisa has 9 cents but she buys a marble for 3 cents. Are we
adding or subtracting? Subtracting so 9-3=__. How many cents does she have now?
Let’s count on to see. We start at 3 and count up to 9. Our answer will be the
amount of fingers we are holding up.

When I say go you will stand up, walk back to your desk and
take out your math workbook. You will turn to page 99. We will work through
these together so please do not start. Questions? Go.

Thursday:

Today you will use the Pancake Breakfast scenario to
practice subtraction. You will solve subtraction equations in The Number Quilt
Game. Repeat after me, “I can solve subtraction equations.” Let’s do some quick
practice!

Please leave your white boards and markers on the ground as
we do the first scenario together. Student’s name you are showing great
self-control, I have SOAR tickets for you. Alright, hands in your lap and eyes
and ears on me. I made

__10__pancakes. Now we have__10__pancakes on the table. I’m going to eat some pancakes. I am eating 1 pancake, 2 pancakes, 3 pancakes, 4 pancakes. I ate 4 pancakes. We knew the total number of pancakes when we started. What was it? 10. Then I ate 4 of them. Let’s write the subtraction equation. How can you count on to find out how many pancakes are left in the stack? Count on from 4. Raise one finger for each number until you reach 7. How can you check to see if the answer is correct? You can count the pancakes that are left on the table. ------REPEAT------
We are going to go back to our desk for a few minutes. I
want you to leave your whiteboard and markers here because we will come back to
the carpet. We are going to work through this together so once you get a piece
of paper please walk to your desk and write your name.

Watch as I guide you through this subtraction story problem.
We saw 10 kangaroos. Then 4 of them jumped away. How many kangaroos are
left? We are going to draw a math
mountain to represent the kangaroo story. Which number in the problem is the total?
10. Which are the partners? 4 and 6. Let’s write an equation that shows the
story. 10-4=6 Where is the total now? At the beginning. Where are the partners?
After the subtraction sign and after the equals sign.

We learned how to solve subtraction stories using a nickel
and pennies yesterday but let’s do a few problems to refresh our memory. Carla
had 1 nickel and 3 pennies. Then she lost 1 of the pennies. How many cents does
she have now? This is what we call a problem within a problem. ---SOLVE AND REPEAT---

We are going to play the Number Quilt Game. I heard you have
played this before but let me refresh your memory. The goal is to place each
card in its correct space on the number quilt. This is a partner game and to
play you will read the equation, find the total and place the card on the quilt
to match the total. You will need to make sure the corners match because one
side is the equation and the other has the answer. You do not want to see the answer
because that will not help you become a better mathematician.

Friday:

Today you will solve for unknown
partners or totals in story problems. You will write equations and draw math
mountains. Repeat after me, “I can solve for unknown partners or totals in
story problems.” Let’s do some quick practice!

These next story problems may be
addition or the may be subtraction. We need to read the problems carefully to
see if we need to find a partner or a total. There are 7 swimmers in the pool.
More swimmers come to the pool. Now there are 10 swimmers. How many more
swimmers came? 3 more swimmers. ---REPEAT---

Where is the total in your
drawings (Math Mountain, equation)?

Where is the partner?

When I say go you will put your
math boards away. I will pass out a pink sheet of paper. Once you get it, write
your name. Do not start because we will work through it together.

Monday:

We have been working with subtraction story
problems but today you will solve addition stories with unknown totals. You
will solve addition story problems involving nickels and pennies. Repeat after
me, “I can solve addition equations.” Let’s do some quick practice!

Please leave your white boards and markers on
the ground as I guide you through this addition story problem. I took 4 rides
on the roller coaster. My sister took 5. How many roller coaster rides did we
take in all? In addition story problems we know the partners and we need to
find the total. Our partners are 4 and 5 so they go on the bottom of our math
mountain. Our total goes on top. We need to add 4 and 5 together. Let’s count
on to find our total. 9. Let’s write an addition equation to go with our math
mountain.

Please put your white board and marker on the
floor in front of you. The next problem is an addition story using coins. It’s
kind of like a problem within a problem so listen carefully as I read. Eric had
1 nickel and 1 penny. His mother gave him 4 more pennies. How many cents does
he have now? ---MATH MOUNTAIN AND EQUATION---

Please leave your white board makers on the
ground as we do the first scenario together. I am making 1, 2, 3, 4 pancakes.
Student, how many are you making? Student is making 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 pancakes.
Let’s write an addition equation. Count the stacks with me. 4+6= 10 Let’s count
on to find the total. Remember we start with the bigger number and count on.

It’s time to play a game! The game we are
going to play is called, Number Grabber. We played this once before but listen
because the directions are a little bit different. You will close your eyes
while the Number Grabber covers up one of the totals. When the Number Grabber
says, “Open your eyes for a big surprise” you will write the total on your
white board. You will keep this secret until I ask you to show me.

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